Monday, May 25, 2020

Analysis of The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber by...

Analysis of The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber by Ernest Hemingway Ernest Hemingway is known for producing novels and short stories with ambiguous endings. In his short story, The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber, he definitely leaves his readers guessing. The question is whether Margot kills her husband, Francis, intenionally, or if she accidentally shoots him in an effort to save his life. There are many points that could be argued for both conclusions, but my observations have led me to believe that Margot did indeed shoot her husband intentionally, however, without pre-meditation. In looking at the background of Francis and Margot, it is easy to see that the strength of their relationship rests on their†¦show more content†¦Like a dam bursting. It was pure excitement. If Francis is no longer afraid of anything, then it is possible that he could walk away from Margot. It is also possible that he could find another wife with his loss of cowardice. When Margot says, in regard to Francis performance with the buffalo, I hated it....I loathed it, it is apparent that Margot now realizes that the control she had over her husband is gone. Francis newly discovered independance destroys the equilibrium in their relationship and leaves Margot on the loosing side of a marriage that she knows is coming to an end. Another important issue regarding the killing of Francis Macomber is the credibility of the safari guide, Robert Wilson. He gives the reader an outside perspective of the relationship between Francis and Margot, but it is whether or not his presumptions are accurate that deems him credible or not. When Margot tries to downplay the killing of the buffalos by saying, Youre both talking rot...Just because youve chased some helpless animals in a motor car, you talk like heroes, Wilson thinks to himself, Shes worried about it already. It is obvious that Wilson accurately interprets the state of the relationship between Francis and Margot because he sees the way that Margot controls her husband. The clear understanding of the relationship that Wilson shows throughout the story proves that he is indeed credible.Show MoreRelatedAn Analysis Of Ernest Hemingway s The Short Happy Life Of Francis Macomber 1434 Words   |  6 PagesErnest Hemingway has long been known for his two â€Å"h eroes† in his writing. The hero who is a weak, pathetic individual who is often lost physically and mentally, and the code hero who usually shows â€Å"grace under pressure† and helps the Hemingway hero find his place. These two heroes often come together in a relationship where the code hero is the teacher who initiates the Hemingway hero into the code. Ernest Hemingway’s short story, â€Å"The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber,† is the quintessentialRead MoreErnest Hemingway: A Brief Biography 1210 Words   |  5 PagesErnest Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois in 1899. He was a writer who started his career with a newspaper office in Kansas City when he was seventeen. When the United States got involved in the First World War, Hemingway joined with a volunteer ambulance unit in the Italian army. During his service, he was wounded, and was decorated by the Italian Government. Upon his return to the United States, he was employed by Canadian and American newspapers as a reporter, and sent back to EuropeRead MoreThe Killers And The Short Happy Life Of Francis Macomber1731 Words   |  7 Pages The Killers and The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber By: Ernest Hemingway When analysing Ernest Hemingway s work in both â€Å"The Killers† and â€Å"The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber† you come across many forms of literary devices that hemingway used throughout both novelas and how his application of the elements used in both stories. In both stories we see him use the themes of violence and grace when faced with violence as well as demonstrating the power relations between the characters ofRead More Quick Death in The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber Essay1932 Words   |  8 PagesQuick Death in The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber Ernest Hemingway created a masterpiece of mystery in his story The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber. The mystery does not reveal itself to the reader until the end of the story, yet it leaves a lot to the imagination. At the end of the story Margaret Macomber kills her husband by accident, in order to save him from being mauled by a large Buffalo while on a safari in Africa. The mystery is whether or not this killing was truly accidentalRead MoreThe Hemingway Code Hero : The Short Happy Life Of Francis Macomber1443 Words   |  6 PagesMargot Macomber as the Hemingway Code Hero in â€Å"The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber† Ernest Hemingway is among the most unmatched of American authors. In his works, he is often said to focus on gender roles, especially those of men. Hemingway often created characters that showed the characteristics that he believed made a boy into a man. However, these characteristics are not gender-specific, and could very well apply to women as well. This collection of characteristics became the Hemingway CodeRead MoreThe Snows of Kilimanjaro and The Short, Happy Life of Francis Macomber2435 Words   |  10 PagesErnest Hemingway was an intricate and dedicated writer who devoted a significant portion of his life to writing multiple genres of stories. Throughout his stories, the similarities in his style and technique are easily noted and identified. Two of the short stories he wrote contain themes and motifs that specifically explain the plotline. The first story, â€Å"The Snows of Kilimanjaro,† sets its scene in the depths of a desolate area in Africa, where the main cha racters, Harry and his wife, decide toRead MoreThe Many Styles Of Ernest Hemingway1768 Words   |  8 Pages The Many Styles of Ernest Hemingway Ernest Hemingway is well known throughout American literature for his unique style of writing, which contributed greatly to the overall effect and meaning of his stories. Before writing short stories, Hemingway was a journalist, which is where he adopted many of his unique techniques of writing. While writing as a journalist, Hemingway tended to write pieces that contained brief, choppy sentences and were generally minimalistic andRead MoreAnalysis Of The Short Happy Life Of Francis Macomber983 Words   |  4 PagesIntentions Unseen â€Å"The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber† by Ernest Hemingway is a story of a married couple’s trip on an African safari for hunting. It is on that trip where the audience learns of the couple’s, who are Francis and Margot Macomber, uneasy relationship. On that trip, they also meet a character by the name of Robert Wilson, who becomes their guide there. The story ends tragically with the death of Francis Macomber by being shot in the head by his wife Margot. At firstRead MoreErnest Hemingway Abolism Essay1129 Words   |  5 Pagesinfer the murder had nothing to do with Clark as an individual, but men in general. Men are often portrayed as violent, in movies, literature, and other media. For example, Ernest Hemingway’s stories imply men are instinctively violent. Hemingway displays men who live in brutality, who thrive off it. Throughout his works, Hemingway suggests men are naturally destructive and violent. This is suggested through the w ay the men treat animals poorly, people inhumanely, and power recklessly. Initially, consideringRead MoreWhat Is The Rule For Forming Questions Within The Simple Present And Simple Past?1523 Words   |  7 Pagespoints) What is the rule for forming questions in the simple present and simple past in English? Questions in the simple present can be formed in a couple of ways with questions lacking question words such as â€Å"Do† and â€Å"Does† (examples: Do you read short stories? and Does Frank play the violin?), and questions containing question words such as â€Å"What,† â€Å"When,† and â€Å"Where† (examples: What do you type on your laptop?, When does your brother go to school, and Where do you visit your relatives?). To form

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Jane Eyre - 1260 Words

Our interest in the parallels between King Richard III and Looking For Richard is further enhanced by consideration of the marked differences in textual form. Evaluate this statement in the light of your Comparative Study of King Richard III and Looking For Richard. William Shakespeare’s 16th century historically tragic play, King Richard III and Al Pacino’s 20th century docudrama, Looking for Richard portray parallel themes of war, characterisation of Richard in context and plot. Shakespeare wrote King Richard III during the reign of Elizabeth I and the propaganda during the time supported the Elizabethan monarch. During Looking for Richard’s era, a concept of sheer evil appeared which presented characters whose evil was unmotivated.†¦show more content†¦The dramatic irony set up by Richard in his soliloquy, â€Å"What means this armed guard/That waits upon your grace?† connects with the audience and displays Richards intentions. The audience know that Richard knows the answer to the question because it is Richard who has set up by poisoning Edward’s attitude to their bother Clarence. In Looking for Richard, Pacino interviews faces in the street to gain knowledge of their understanding of Shakespeare; from what they say, Shakespeare is considered a villain in our contemporary context, whereas Richard was the Machiavellian villain of the Elizabethan context. Shakespeare and Pacino has emphasised Richards deformity in their textual form. In King Richard III, animal metaphors are used by many characters to describe Richard as ‘dog’, ‘hedgedog’, ‘rooting dog’, ‘bottled spider’ and many more. This dehumanising of Richard through language can have the effect of drawing sympathy towards him, or it might come across as a ‘fair assessment’ if that is the way he is played. Pacino, in Looking for Richard, echoes the word ‘deformed’ when Richard first states it in his soliloquy and a quick flashback of black and white pictures of a horrified man with a hunchback appears. Kimball stats that â€Å"Shakespeare has exaggerated Richard’s deformity† but doesn’t mention why, so it seems that Richardà ¢â‚¬â„¢s deformity doesn’t really have much impact on theShow MoreRelatedJane Eyre 780 Words   |  4 PagesJane Eyre Theme Essay (rough draft) Independence, the capacity to manage ones own affairs, make one’s own judgments, and provide for one’s self. Jane Eyre herself is a very independent woman. Throughout her life she has depended on very few people for very little. Charlotte Brontà « wants the reader to learn that independence can open many doors of possibilities. Jane in her younger years was practically shunned by everyone and was shown very little love and compassion, from this throughoutRead MoreJane, By Jane Eyre Essay2110 Words   |  9 PagesThroughout the first section of the novel, we are constantly reminded of the barriers in which Jane is suppressed by. Through this figurative element we can come to terms with the development of the character of Jane Eyre. Jane is an intelligent, honest, plain-featured young girl forced to contend with oppression, inequality, and hardship. Although she meets with a series of individuals who threaten her autonomy, Jane repeatedly succeeds at asserting herself and maintains her principles of justice, humanRead MoreJane Eyre2409 Words   |  10 Pagesï » ¿ Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre emerges with a unique voice in the Victorian period for the work posits itself as a sentimental novel; however, it deliberately becomes unable to fulfill the genre, and then, it creates an altogether divergent novel that demonstrates its superiority by adding depth of structure in narration and character portrayal. Joan D. Peters’ essay, Finding a Voice: Towards a Woman’s Discourse of Dialogue in the Narration of Jane Eyre positions Gerard Genette’s theory of convergenceRead MoreOppression In Jane Eyre1730 Words   |  7 PagesThe Impression of Oppression in Jane Eyre Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontà « depicts the rigid social structure and clear division between the upper and lower classes of Victorian society, in which wealth and status determined one’s beliefs, career, and treatment from those surrounding them. Those of the upper class did not typically converse or involve themselves with those viewed as beneath them; however, Jane Eyre fights the separation between the classes to which she has fallen victim at both GatesheadRead MoreFeminism in Jane Eyre1317 Words   |  6 PagesFeminism in Jane Eyre After reading Jane Eyre, I think Jane Eyre is a great woman. Jane is disadvantaged in many ways as she has no wealth, family, social position or beauty. Jane does have intelligence though, and her disposition is such to make Rochester fall in love with her. Through a serious of troublesome situations between Jane Eyre and Mr. Rochester, the author set up a great female image before us: insisting on maintaining an independent personality, pursuing individual freedom, advocatingRead MoreFeminism in Jane Eyre1423 Words   |  6 PagesFeminism in Jane Eyre Jay Sheldon Feminism has been a prominent and controversial topic in writings for the past two centuries. With novels such as Jane Austens Pride and Prejudice, or even William Shakespeares Macbeth the fascination over this subject by authors is evident. In Charlotte Brontes Jane Eyre the main character, Jane Eyre, explores the depth at which women may act in society and finds her own boundaries in Victorian England. As well, along with the notions of feminism oftenRead MoreJane Eyre: Sympathy for Jane Essay817 Words   |  4 PagesHow does Brontà « create sympathy for the character of Jane in her novel, ‘Jane Eyre’? In the novel, ‘Jane Eyre’ Charlotte Brontà « focuses on the life of Jane, an unwanted orphan who can’t do anything right in the eyes of her aunt. When she is about nine she is sent to Lowood Institute where she is also treated as inferior by Mr Brocklehurst. Although Jane is treated so cruelly and unfairly all her life she proves everyone wrong in the end by making something of herself. There areRead MoreFeminism In Jane Eyre1729 Words   |  7 Pagescentral themes in many amazing works of literature. This concept represents feminine independence and self-esteem in a male-dominated society. One of the famous authors who convey this idea is Charlotte Brontà « especially in her best-selling novel Jane Eyre in which she discusses the social background of the Victorian society and its effect on women. What society teaches women is not always right; it is up to women to rely on their moral senses to take the proper path for their actions. During the VictorianRead More Jane Eyre Essay2400 Words   |  10 PagesJane Eyre       Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre can be linked to many fairy-tales. Some of these tales such as Charle’s Perrault’s Bluebeard, Arabian Nights, and many more are actually cited in the text. Others are alluded to through the events that take place in the story. Jane Eyre has often been viewed as a Cinderellatale for example. There is also another story, however, that though not mentioned directly, can definitely be linked to Bronte’s novel. This tale is none other than Beauty and theRead More Charlotte Brontes Jane Eyre - The Victories of Jane Eyre Essay918 Words   |  4 PagesVictories of Jane Eyrenbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; All people live by their own codes of conduct. Everyone, be they male or female, young or old, has their own sets of values, which they adhere to and which are unchanging even in the face of personal or societal pressures and conflicts to give them up. In Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte, Jane is tempted many times to acquiesce to others wishes and, thereby, give up her own moral standards and beliefs. Yet Jane remains steadfast

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Effect Of The Church And The Appearance Of Women

Within 50 years, the number of large families in Canada dropped of about 25% (â€Å"Cinquante ans de familles au Canada: 1961 à   2011† 1). The multiple changes that occurred in the social context of our country like the fading influence of the Church and the appearance of women in the labor market, for example, contributed in decreasing significantly the size of today’s households. However, a minority of homes in Canada diverges from this general tendency and still counts a large number of children. Despite the challenges brought by raising a large family in a society adapted for smaller households, growing up in such an environment has plenty of positive effects on children. Indeed, kids who grow up in large families develop a sense community life, some fundamental values and advanced social skills. First, being raised in a large family makes a child learn the rules of living in community. In fact, having numerous siblings forces children to develop organizational skills, because cohabiting with a large number of people demands management basics. Coordinating the meals, activities and transport trains kids to be organized and cooperative, qualities that will be useful further on in their lives when they will be part of a group. In addition, children raised in large families are generally more disciplined than the ones raised in normal-sized families. In the same way as a team, every member of a big family needs to collaborate and maintain his role for the group to be functional.Show MoreRelatedThe Historical Voices Of Opera1189 Words   |  5 Pagesleading roles as the heroines, hero and villains, but it will take decades for women to arise from the religious and political views which caused restriction on all opera houses to ban all women to participate on stage. Like women, soon the rise for the castrate singers will decline and restrictions to participate on stage will come into effect. There are four similarities between both sexes that causes a rise and fall effect in the operatic form. First similarity is the history of the opera. AccordingRead MoreIssues in Patriarchal Societies1200 Words   |  5 PagesIn societies around the world, women are pushed down in society and degraded, both by men and other women. The root of this problem is the fact that people learn from a young age that men are superior to women. People receive this idea through media and maltreatment of women. It carries into adulthood in the form of legislation, loss of rights, and more maltreatment. In order to solve the problem, people need to be educated about the inequality that exists throughout the world, and how these practicesRead MoreOutline for Amish Culture Speech Essay739 Words   |  3 Pagesnecessity of separating themselves from the modern world. b. Ordnung sets the guidelines for appearance, use of technology, language, and church practices. 1. The unique appearance of the Amish is known as plain, with styles most of us associate with period movies and history. c. Married men grow beards. (Instead of a wedding ring) d. Women wear aprons, instead of rings. Prayer cap is always worn during lifetime. Main Point 3: The Role ofRead MoreThe Character of Victor Frankenstein by Mary Shelley Essay1081 Words   |  5 Pagesrelevance and effect of writer’s use of language to describe setting, character and what it shows about social and historical influences. Looking at face value, Frankenstein is about a man called Victor Frankenstein, who creates a monster out of previously dead humans. But looking deeper, it is so much more then that. It’s very ahead of its time, looking at morals that didn’t appear until much later; for example issues about appearance. Frankenstein hasRead MoreAre Beauty Pagents Harmful1182 Words   |  5 Pageswishing one day I could grow up and be that pretty. Now, being the age I am and realizing that women like that do not just wake up one day and are ready to be crowned Miss America. Not just being born with natural beauty, they devote most of their time on their appearance and sometime go to the drastic measures. I do feel that beauty pageants are harmful because the set standards on the way that all women should look, and it does not work that way. Even girls from the ages of 5-16 are having theRead MoreEssay on Gender Roles and Their Effect on Women1525 Words   |  7 Pagessociety, women and men both have faced the constricting roles forced upon them, from a young age; each gender is given specific social and cultural roles to play out throughout their lives. Little girls are given dolls and kitchen toys, little boys are given dinosaurs and power tool toys, if one w as to step out of this specified role, social conflict would ensue. Contrast to popular belief, sex is a biological construct, and gender is a social construct specifying the roles men and women are to followRead MoreThe Litany Of Atlanta By Du Bois874 Words   |  4 Pagestraction between two the races resulted in the riot but consequently the tension between the blacks and whites led to the murder of African American men and women and some white. Thus W.E.B. Du Bois, founder of the NAACP, orchestrated the poem The Litany of Atlanta. This litany can be described as a list of complains that would be recited within a church during a funeral or proceedings. The purpose of The Litany of Atlanta by Du Bois was to address the frustrations of the African American. W.E.B Dubois’Read MoreThe Controversy Of The Salem Witch Trials Essay1557 Words   |  7 Pageslife. The hysteria was the effect of the strict teachings of the puritan lifestyle many were no longer following. The Salem witch trials were ultimately a matter to purge the city of possible dissident and bring people back to the Puritan Church. With the rise of the puritanism reform movement from the Church of England and the influence of Catholicism in the late sixteenth century, the need to purify souls and cities was strong. The Puritans wanted to rid the church of any Catholic remains andRead MoreThe Role Of Black Women And The 18th And 19th Century Art1659 Words   |  7 Pagespainted by contemporary artist Titus Kaphar, have given a voice to Black figures in the historical and artistic context. In The Preacher s Wife (2010), a painting part of the ‘Classical Disruption’ exhibition, Kaphar seeks to explore the role of black women and their misrepresentation in the 18th and 19th art historical trajectories. Recreating paintings by great American artists such as Copley and Eakins, Kaphar reconstructs social and historical narratives (Berzon). While maintaining a common denominatorRead MoreThe Tex Son Women s Strike1115 Words   |  5 Pagesclothing. Tex-Son employed women and immigrants for cheap labor. The working conditions at Tex-Son were not up to par – filthy ventilation systems and unsanitary work areas made labor dangerous. Wages differed between women and men; women were paid by the piece, while men were paid by the hour – this made labor even more risky since the women tried to rush. Tex-Son - aware of the influx of immigrants from Mexico, and taking into consideration the stigma attached to women in the work force - knew that

Tuesday, May 5, 2020


Wall-Marts Take over of Asda Essay Critically discuss the likely costs and benefits of its takeover of USDA, a ILK-based company Wall-Mart is the worlds largest retailer with over 8400 stores worldwide employing 2 million people. It serves more than 200 million people with global sales exceeding IEEE billion. (Basket, 2007) Wall-Mart is globally organized so that it can respond quickly to changing markets and cost conditions in its international locations. The UK is one of these locations. This essay Will firstly explore features that are Of benefit before considering features that are Of detriment to Wall-Mart and the UK in the aftermath of its take-over of USDA. Wall-Mart benefited from the acquisition of USDA because USDA had a skilled, trained work force with low wages and labor costs. This meant it took over an already successful retail business, and so expanding its global foot print while making savings due to avoidance of tariffs for being based in the ILK. Wall- Mart can make further savings by exploiting its economies of scale related to advertising, procurement and transportation that its global network gives it. In addition the ILK government created an attractive environment for Multi National Companies like Wall-Mart to invest in. This environment was created by offering a number of cost reducing and financial incentives. The effect of these incentives was designed to reduce investment risk and so encourage investment and create jobs. But consequentially, Sads acquisition by Wall-Mart signaled a change in food retailing in the KICK_ In response its competitors intensified the price and cost pressures they exerted on their suppliers. Responses from a Competition Commission survey indicated that since the Wall-Mart take over relationships between suppliers and supermarkets had largely worsened. Competition Commission). A benefit to the UK population is Wall-Mart}Sads stated value proposition based on offering Everyday Low Prices. Wall-Mart Mission statement says; We save people money so they can live better. Everything Wall-Mart/USDA does is designed to keep the everyday price low. This implies that customers do not need to wait for sales to get the best deals (Manning et al 1998). Not only are stores conveniently positioned around the I_J providing a wide range of products, but Wall-Mart/USDA is becoming a one stop shop for the purchasing of groceries, pharmaceuticals, holidays, and a raft of other goods and services. An incidental benefit to the UK shopper is Wall-Marts appeal, as a 2007 Customer Relations report described. Wall-Mart/USDA is attractive to three types to customer: brand aspirations, people with love incomes who are obsessed with brand; price-sensitive effluents, wealthier shoppers who love deals; and Value price shoppers who like low prices and cannot afford much more, (Barbara, 2007) Wall-Mart is known as a company that does not waste money. Its aim always has been to drive down costs, this does not mean it will not take risks and invest in new infrastructure and technology. Wall-Mart/USDA has a technological edge over TTS competitors With its inventory control, logistics, distribution and consumer data software. Moving goods quickly and efficiently keeps costs down, which is ultimately What the consumer wants. An example Of how this investment was put to use came in 2005. The compacts consumer data analysis software highlighted during the run up to Ramadan the stores that were located in areas with significant Muslim populations. This allowed Wall-Mart/USDA to prepare for Ramadan in a culturally appropriate manner. Wall-Mart acquired USDA for sound business reasons which have brought benefit to the UK but it may face problems from this expansion. Being a US company Wall-Mart may find strategies that work in the LISA will tail in the K due to cultural and social differences, This could foster a belief locally that Wall-Mart is trying to impose LIST values and habits. In Cold Blood - Death Penalty EssayWall- Mart is the nastiest company weve dealt with. It has no moral compass. It tours the world looking for workers willing to accept the lowest pay and the least benefits__. What impact it will have on Safely and USDA in the long run is very troubling (Observer newspaper). As another example of Wall-Marts negative impact, and an issue that could cause the [J public to shop differently if it is given enough publicity, is the claim from charities that Wall-Mart/USDA keeps prices low by unfair strict regimes in its stores and suppliers. The suppliers know that due to Wall-Marts huge network ND economy of scale, if they do not agree to the prices set, it can buy produce elsewhere Which could in the long term put the supplier out Of business. As an extreme example of this, Ralph Gonzales, Prime Minister of SST Vincent and the Grenadines, said in 2003 that he had seen a negative effect on the islands economy after the takeover of USDA by Wall-Mart: What they want to do is to drive everyone out Of the market and then to raise the prices. The people Who supply Wall-Mart are paying people starvation wages in Central America and Latin America in conditions that no civilized country would accept (Trading away our rights, Sofas). In conclusion, the debate will continue as to the benefits and cost of the Wall- Mart take-over of USDA. It is true to say that the British public is profiting from Wall-Marts economy of scale and global network of suppliers. The low cost and variety to goods is unparalleled. As Wall-Mart}USDA grows in importance, so will its strategic interaction with other retail chains. Wall-Marts decisions not only affect its large chain competitors, but are also shaped by their anticipated responses, creating an interaction that is more subtle and complex than the relationship between Wall-Mart and its small-scale local competitors. It is likely that other Hahn retailers have copied Wall-Mart or changed their practices in ways that reflect Wall-Marts influence. However, there is a downside. Wall-Mart/USDA is an embedded retail superpower. When it moves into an area, smaller businesses and local economies suffer.

Tuesday, April 7, 2020

Relationship Value in Business Markets

Abstract The realm of marketing is slowly shifting its focus from the former product centric paradigm to a base that is taking care of the value needs of the customers. The major aim of the relationship marketing is maintaining the relationship between the business and the company to its immediate micro environment.Advertising We will write a custom critical writing sample on Relationship Value in Business Markets specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These include the suppliers, intermediaries in the market, the public and the most important factor, the customers. When this is maintained, there should be prior creation of customer loyalty. Value is a very important concept in relationship marketing. The ability of a given company to provide the best value to its customers is a critical and very successful strategy in business competition. The concept of value has led many companies to try and find out ways in which they can get the ri ght competitive advantage for their customers. When value is added to a certain product, the quality of the product s consequently improved and customer is achieved and therefore loyalty gained. With customer satisfaction, there is subsequent customer loyalty which is achieved. This paper seeks to review â€Å"Relationship Value in Business Markets: Development of a Measurement Scale† by Eggert and Ulaga and seek to establish the authenticity of their research. Introduction The paper â€Å"Relationship Value in Business Markets: Development of a Measurement Scale†, checks on the underlying foundations of relationship value in marketing and also outlines some of the main dimensions of the relationship values. The author of the article has gone ahead to explain some of the factors that lead to the conceptualization of relationship value by different people. To get the real way in which his conceptualization happens, the author has included a survey. The data in the surve y is collected from various purchasing managers from a variety of organizations and develops a scaling process and ways in which to undertake future research in the field.Advertising Looking for critical writing on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Strategic marketing Marketing strategy is more about customer satisfaction in a way that the objectives of the organization get to be achieved. If companies were to focus more on the needs of their customers, there is a greater likelihood that the organizations will get what they require to achieve in the market place (Bollen, 1989). According to the title of the article, â€Å"Relationship Value in Business Markets: Development of a Measurement Scale†, there is focus on the concept of customer satisfaction in various ways. The paper is about the conceptualization of the concept of relationship value. This conceptualization is then tested using data collect ed for a survey in order to develop a scale process and also a purification process for the conceptualized idea. Development of the relationship value is thus a form or part of the more diverse marketing strategy which aims at improving the condition of the customer with a farfetched objective of achieving the goals that have been set by the company. Marketing strategy entails focus by the organization on a certain action that will lead to increased profitability through more sales and extra dominance in the market niche which is being targeted by that organization. It combines all the goals of a certain organization and decides on how the goals will be achieved of a certain time period. Relationship value is a strategy that aims at strengthening the ties between a certain organization and its customers through improving the value of the products and relations to the customer to the satisfaction of that customer. Organizational effectiveness concept entails the effectiveness of a pa rticular organization in achieving its objectives. In order to increase the effectiveness of an organization, companies need to create competitive advantages that are sustainable with a proper alignment of the right business and marketing strategies. In the article, the author aligns himself to the concept of organizational effectiveness and the realm of strategic marketing by taking into consideration one of the key underlying factors which has become a bone of contention in today’s world of marketing, the relationship value. This is a proper choice of subject considering that it is one of the key factors that decide whether customer satisfaction has been achieved and also whether the organization will be able to earn customer loyalty from the mentioned and hopefully satisfied customers. Literature review analysis In this article the author has received the concept of value from the different perspectives that it can assume. Value, in the view of marketing exchange, enhances the urge to go on with a certain type of exchange in the market. Value is therefore twofold and it affects both the customer and the seller. The seller is interested in the value of the customer to his business and also the value that he gives to the customer so as to be able to maintain that customer.Advertising We will write a custom critical writing sample on Relationship Value in Business Markets specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The author has gone ahead to discuss some of the characteristics that recur in the concept of value; the value of the customer is a concept that is subjective, in a conceptual manner, value is a tradeoff between the benefits that can be realized and the sacrifices that are made, both the sacrifices and the benefits have more than one phases, and that the conceptions of value and competition are relative. According to the article, the author has criticized the current day trend in taking much concern on issues mostly related to products as opposed to issues related to the value of the customer. It is in this place that he claims that development should consider the value of the customer from the relationship marketing viewpoint. This is the main point behind relationship value. The author has defined the concept of relationship value in accordance with different authors’ perspectives. According to Anderson et al, (1993, 75), value is â€Å"â€Å"the apparent worth in financial units of that set of economic, technological, service, and also the social benefits established by a client firm in swap over for the price remunerated for a produce offering, taking into contemplation the accessible substitute suppliers’, their offerings and their likely prices†. According to Wilson and Jantaria (1995, 61), there is a cross examination of value creation in supplier and buyer relationships. In their research, there is an economic, behavioral and strategic categorizati on of value which offers the 3-D approach. They have agreed that it is hard to empirically assess the value concept though there is a joint conclusion that the concept of relationship value is problematic and cannot be simply ignored. According to Hogan (2001, 342), expected relationship value, is the net worth of the perceivable benefits which can be derived during the existence period of a relationship. In all the above mentioned descriptions of the term relationship value from the different authors, it can be established that there has been so little empirical research ion the concept of relationship value. Gwinner et al (1998, 110), managed to come up with three categories which exemplified the customers’ perspectives of the relational benefits. These are special treatment, social benefits and confidence. In this article, has summarized the various dimensions found in the realm of relationship value. He has grouped them into benefits dimensions and sacrifices dimensions. This has been as a result of the data collection done in the research. There is also a slight inclusion of marketing variables. In the discussions on the various dimensions, the author of the article has included a summary of previous research which had been done on some dimensions and conceptualizations of the relationship value. In his review the author has addressed the seven dimensions which he got from his analysis in the literature review. Following the flow of the paper up to this area, it follows that the author was very keen in his literature review and that his discussions were completely dissected to deliver the purpose of the research. The literature can therefore be said to be properly up to date and the requirements of a good review have been met.Advertising Looking for critical writing on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Data collection methods The author used a primary method of data collection where he sourced his data from a survey by distributing a number of questionnaires to a group of purchasing managers. After dissemination and collection of the questionnaires, he was able to have a total of 207 questionnaires which he would get usable data from. His questionnaires were based on a wide range of industries like food, metal products, chemicals, machinery and equipment, plastic products, office equipment and so on. Amongst the respondent firms, there was a diverse employment capacity with where some industries had over five hundred employees, some had between fifty and five hundred and a small group employed less than fifty people. The loyalty of the customers was based on the number of years that they had been in a certain company. Some lasted for more than fifteen years and the rest ranged from 10-15, 5-10 and less than 2 years as buyers in a single company. There also was a range of the produ cts and services that were offered by the companies. They ranged from raw materials, services, sub-contracting, manufacturing materials and MRO. In structuring his questionnaire, the author divided into three parts which sought to compare the relationships between the buyers and the suppliers. Some other part of the questionnaire sought to get the relationship value dimensions that were in line with the dimensions discussed in the literature review. In the comparison the author used a rating scale foe ease of data analysis. The last part of the questionnaire required a personal description of the buyers, the suppliers and their relationships. This was highly based on the knowledge of the dimensions under investigation (Dwyer, 1999). Results analysis The author employed the use of various mathematical models to construct the measurement scales and accordingly tabulated the results as they happened. Most of the models included mathematical calculations which gave results to be used in the discussion thereafter (Bollen, 1989). Discussion of results In discussing the results of his research, the author alienated himself from the traditional way where value perception is described in an abstract formulation. Such abstract formulations are statements like, â€Å"the supplier relationship in this firm has a high value†. This is a perception that has less validity and little reliability. In this article, the author has described the relation value as a construct that is high order, multi dimensional and a formative one. According to the literature review put forward by the author, he was able to identify two categories of dimensions; five benefits and two sacrifice dimensions. The benefits dimensions include, product related, service related, suppliers’ knowledge related, social related and those that are related to the ability of the supplier to improve the time required to market. Sacrifice dimensions are costs of process and pride. The variety of the industries that were used in the survey revealed the various dimensions that different stakeholders choose to adhere to in their dimension choice and value of the relationship. Limitations The author of the article has outlined all the limitations of his research in a clear and concise manner. This is a good way of indicating the authenticity of his research considering that not all pieces of research are perfect. He has also gone ahead to indicate the directions that should be taken for further research in this field. Strengths and weaknesses of the article This article can be dissected into various parts which can help us to get the strong points and the weak points of the paper. The arrangement of the paper has adhered to the proper research format. The abstract of the paper has explained the reason behind the research. It has introduced the flow of the paper and the contents of the preceding chapters in the article. In the introduction, the author has a good hint on the backgrou nd of the problem. There is a clear explanation of the past research and the methods that were used to explain the reasoning behind relationship value in the past. From this knowledge, the author has introduced his concept of empirical analysis. The literature review is also concise and previous literature on the relationship value has been put into consideration. The paper has also followed an organized academic writing style. The author employed the use of the Harvard style of citation and referencing. This is evident from the in text citations that are in the body of the paper. The use of the authors’ name, year of publication and the page number where applicable is a clear indicator of the Harvard referencing system. The reference list at the end of the document is also correctly placed to adhere to the system. In the course of the paper, the author has followed the problem statement and definition. At the beginning of the paper, the author started with an abstract that s ought to define the conceptualization of the relationship value in the world of marketing. In this realm, the author sated to include about 200 purchasing managers in his research survey. This is followed by a concise introduction to the topic immediately after. As planned, it is evident from the paper that the research was done and the data which was gotten from the research was tabulated as required so as to give the reader a clear picture of the relationships. The analysis of the data after the research has been done using mathematical models which have helped the researcher to come up with the measurement scales as stated in the problem statement. This is therefore a clear indication of the fact that the author was cautious in following the statement of the problem as defined and to the letter. There is a proper analysis and conclusion to the article in that they have adhered to the problem statement. The author has analyzed the data collected data clearly. According to the titl e of the paper and the statement of the problem as in the beginning parts of the article, there was supposed to be focus on developing a measurement scale that can be used to quantify the relationship value in marketing. This has been discussed throughout the paper and a survey done to conceptualize the concept. The conclusion of the paper has indicated clearly how the thesis of the paper was reached at and has also been supported by a proper reference to the survey and the results of the survey. Contribution to the wider area of knowledge in strategic marketing This point can be approached in a variety of ways. Most importantly is for a person to have the adequate knowledge required to analyze strategic marketing in relation to relationship value. According to common definitions, strategic marketing is mainly concerned with how a company gets some competitive advantage over its competitors. In this realm the company takes into consideration factors that will lead to customer satisf action as well as the final gain of attaining the objectives of the company. The article under review only concentrated on one area of customer satisfaction which is the relationship value. Relationship value is a part of the greater strategic marketing which has some other core cornerstones. In the realm of strategic marketing, there has to be consideration of the market drivers which include among others the PEST factors; â€Å"political, economic, social and technological factors†. At the core of the marketing strategy, there are other factors involved like impact of the market drivers, status of the strategic windows, competition, and the stage of the company in the lifecycle, and the skills and assets possessed by the market. Looking at these diverse factors and issues related to strategic marketing, the article only contributed to an area of strategic marketing. Nature of the article The article has been presented in a format that can be understood by a standard graduat e level reader. The language command of the author is excellent and does not appear to have common and irresponsibly placed grammatical errors. In presenting his results the author has properly tabulated all the relevant information such that it simplifies understandability to the reader. The author has also included diagrams in his work. These are essential components of a research paper as graphical figures are simpler to understand. The arrangement of the paper is also clear. This has been enhanced by placement of appendices at the end of the document. The appendices have been correctly referenced in the document body making the reader not to encounter any confusion. Conclusion This article can be categorized as a good research work which can benefit both the academic personnel and practitioners in general. At the academic level, students can use the article as a sample to writing good research papers and the practitioners can apply it in their field of business to reinforce thei r relationship with their customers. References Anderson, et al. (1995) â€Å"Capturing the Value of Supplementary Services†. Harvard Business Review. January-February: 75-83. Bollen, K. (1989) Structural Equations with Latent Variables. John Wiley Sons, New York. Dwyer, F. (1999). Business Marketing: Connecting Strategy, Relationships, and Learning, Irwin/Mc Graw Hill, Boston, MA. Gwinner, K. et al. (1998) â€Å"Relationship Benefits in Service Industries: the Customer’s Perspective†. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science 26(2): 101-114. Hogan, E. (2001) â€Å"Expected Relationship Value: A Construct, a Methodology for Measurement, and a Modeling Technique†, Industrial Marketing Management, 30 (4), 339-351. Wilson, T. and Jantrania, S. (1995) â€Å"Understanding the Value of a Relationship.† Asia-Australia Marketing Journal: 2 (1): 55-66. This critical writing on Relationship Value in Business Markets was written and submitted by user Kali Kirk to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Fake FBI Warning Email Scam

Fake FBI Warning Email Scam Beware of messages purporting to originate from the FBI (or CIA) accusing you of visiting illegal websites. These emails are unauthorized and arrive with an attachment containing the Sober virus. This virus-bearing email with a malicious file attached has been circulating since February 2005. Make sure your antivirus software is up to date and your computer is scanned regularly. Another variant of the message comprises the users computer with a virus that can install itself when clicking on a compromised website. A window pops up indicating that the user’s Internet address was identified by the FBI or the Department of Justice’s Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section as associated with child pornography sites. To unlock their computer, users are informed they have to pay a fine using a service for prepaid money cards. How to Handle a Fake FBI Email If you receive a message like this, dont panic - but do delete it without clicking on any links or opening any attached files. Attachments to these emails contain a worm called Sober-K (or a variant thereof). Though these messages and others similar to them purport to come from the FBI or CIA and may even show return addresses like or, they were not authorized or sent by any U.S. government agency. FBI Statement on the Message Containing a Virus FBI ALERTS PUBLIC TO RECENT E-MAIL SCHEMEEmails purporting to come from FBI are phonyWashington, D.C. - The FBI today warned the public to avoid falling victim to an ongoing mass email scheme wherein computer users receive unsolicited emails purportedly sent by the FBI. These scam emails tell the recipients that their Internet use has been monitored by the FBIs Internet Fraud Complaint Center and that they have accessed illegal web sites. The emails then direct recipients to open an attachment and answer questions. The attachments contain a computer virus.These emails did not come from the FBI. Recipients of this or similar solicitations should know that the FBI does not engage in the practice of sending unsolicited emails to the public in this manner.Opening email attachments from an unknown sender is a risky and dangerous endeavor as such attachments frequently contain viruses that can infect the recipients computer. The FBI strongly encourages computer users not to open such attac hments. Sample Fake FBI Email Heres email text contributed by A. Edwards on Feb. 22, 2005: Dear Sir/Madam,We have logged your IP-address on more than 40 illegal Websites.Important: Please answer our questions! The list of questions are attached.Yours faithfully,M. John StellfordFederal Bureau of Investigation -FBI-935 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Room 2130Washington, DC 20535(202) 324-3000 Sample Fake CIA Email Heres email text contributed anonymously on Nov. 21, 2005: Dear Sir/Madam,We have logged your IP-address on more than 30 illegal Websites.Important:Please answer our questions! The list of questions are attached.Yours faithfully,Steven AllisonCentral Intelligence Agency -CIA-Office of Public AffairsWashington, D.C. 20505phone: (703) 482-06237:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., US Eastern time Sources and further reading: FBI Alerts Public to Email ScamFBI press release, February 22, 2005

Friday, February 21, 2020

Discussion 1 Week 3 Researching Financial Information Assignment

Discussion 1 Week 3 Researching Financial Information - Assignment Example The cost of operation has been relatively stable in contrast to the increase in total revenue. I would invest in this company with the current financial position. This is because the company dynamic is upwards and they are no indication to show this is likely to change. Investing in young company before they become big has an added advantage as one is able to gain from its growth. The company profit curve has been on the rise although sometimes the curve drops down than the previous financial year. The company has performed well in the universal economic hard times and has maintained its overall total revenue. The total expenditure has been regulated and tend to as low as possible. This is as a result of effective managerial skills. I would give an advice that, this companys future is so bright and the trend that it has portrayed over the past few years has proven this. The management of the company is effective in cutting down the cost of running. This should go on to see the company gain more ( Orhangazi,